Archive item

Title: Hungarian Media Laws in Europe: An Assessment of the Consistency of Hungary’s Media Laws with European Practices and Norms
Other/original title:
Publisher: Center for Media and Communication Studies, Central European University
Files: Hungarian Media Laws in Europe.pdf
Abstract: This study addresses a key international policy debate regarding the conformity of Hungary’s new media legislation, adopted in 2010, to European media-regulation practices and standards. The report identifies seven key areas in which the media laws faced international criticism and the Hungarian government defended them by referring to media laws in other European countries: the independence of the newly established media regulatory bodies, the NMHH and the Media Council, as well as their centralised structure and regulatory scope; the scope of the new media laws, extending to print and online press; the restructuring of the public service media; and the powers of the new regulatory bodies, including, specifically, the data disclosure requirements and sanctions it can impose. The study presents expert analyses of 56 regulations from 20 European countries that were cited by the Hungarian government as precedents, and finds that the Hungarian laws are largely inconsistent with the cited practices and norms. In a majority of examples, experts report that the government’s references omit or inaccurately characterize relevant factors of the other countries' regulatory systems, and that the examples do not provide sufficient or equivalent comparisons to Hungary's new media regulations. The study also reveals a wide disparity in media-regulation policies among European and EU-member states and highlights key deficiencies in a number of other European systems that may inhibit press freedom.
Publication/ adoption date: 2012-01-05
Language: English
Rights: ©2012 Center for Media and Communication Studies (CMCS). This publication is available as a pdf on the Center for Media and Communication Studies (CMCS) website under a Creative Commons license that allows copying and distributing the publication, only in its entirety, as long as it is attributed to the Center for Media and Communication Studies and used for noncommercial purposes.